Anti-JAK3 antibody R1G
An antibody raised against Jak3; a tyrosine kinase involved in cell growth, development, and differentiation. Jak3 is also vital for both adaptive and innate immunity signalling cascades and has a critical role in haematopoiesis during T-cells development.
Catalogue number crb2005681d/R1G Antibody Anti-JAK3 antibody R1G Antigen Peptide KLH conjugated synthetic peptide crb1200890 Protein ID UniProt KB - P52333 Aliases Tyrosine-protein kinase JAK3, Janus kinase 3 (JAK-3), Leukocyte janus kinase (L-JAK) Cross-Reactivity Human Host Species Rabbit Antibody Type Polyclonal Concentration 0.5 mg/ml Glycine (R1G) Target JAK3 Family Tyr Protein Kinase family (JAK subfamily) Super Family Protein Kinase superfamily Post-translational Modification Tyrosine phosphorylated in response to IL-2 and IL-4 Storage This material is supplied in PBS containing 0.01% sodium azide and 1% trehalose. The product should be stored at +4°C for short term storage and -20°C for long term storage. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
Ligand binding to type I receptors with a common subunit gamma result in local cytoplasmic Jak3 being recruited to the cytoplasmic tails of the receptor. The tail becomes phosphorylated creating STAT protein binding sites. The STAT complex then also becomes phosphorylated to form a homo/heterodimer and translocate to the nucleus to bind to DNA to activate transcription. For example, interleukin IL2 binds type I receptor ILR2 resulting in Jak1 with Jak3 recruitment to the cytoplasmic gamma subunit. This interaction leads to tyrosine phosphorylation of the receptor for Stat5A with Stat5B docking. These STATs are then phosphorylated and activated by Jak1 and Jak3 leading to their dimerization and translocation for activation of specific gene transcription.
Jak3 also has vital roles in immune cell signalling pathways; IL2 binds IL2R on T cells and natural killer cells. It has been found that in these immune cells Jak3 is critical to facilitate tyrosine phosphorylation of the cytoplasmic IL2R subunit. Throughout T cell differentiation Jak3 is required for IL7 induced activation of IL7R to activate PI3k and STATs. Ablation of Jak3 completely halted T cell proliferation. JAK3-deficient models have phenotypes like human severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), due to the lack of developed lymphocytes. This was linked to the interaction found between Jak3 and the T cell protein tyrosine phosphatases (TCPTP) key to cytokine signalling in haematopoietic cells.