INCDFLL (Thiolactone 3-7)
AIP-III is a quorum sensing peptide from S. aureus. Activates agr response, and expression of virulence factors and toxins.
Catalogue number crb1001688 Molecular Weight 818.4 Sequence (one letter code)
INCDFLL (Thiolactone 3-7)
Sequence (three letter code)
H-Ile-Asn-Cys-Asp-Phe-Leu-Leu (Thiolactone 3-7)
Aliase AIP-3, Autoinducing peptide 3 Purity >95% cas 460325-19-3 Storage -20°C References
Tal-Gan et al., (2013). Highly potent inhibitors of quorum sensing in Staphylococcus aureus revealed through a systematic synthetic study of the group-III autoinducing peptide. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 135(21): 7869. doi: 10.1021/ja3112115.
Thoendel et al., (2011). Peptide Signaling in the Staphylococci. Chem. Rev., 111(1): 117. PMID: 21174435.
Manufactured in: United Kingdom
Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen that utilizes autoinducing peptide (AIP) signals to regulate virulence. Methods to intercept bacterial quorum sensing (QS) aim to find novel anti-virulence treatments.
Auto-inducing peptide (AIP) is a cyclic thiolactone quorum sensing peptide from Staphylococcus aureus which is responsible for activating the agr response. AIP is released from the bacteria and its extracellular concentration is then sensed by a two-component system on the bacterial surface, AgrC and AgrA. AgrC is the membrane histidine kinase receptor and AgrA is a response regulator; upon binding of AIP, AgrC phosphorylates AgrA.
AIP accumulates during growth activating an AgrC and AgrA cascade when it reaches a critical signal level. This cascade activates P2 and P3 promoters which autoactivate the agr system and upregulate RNAIII transcription. RNAIII regulates the expression of virulence factors including toxins, super-antigens, and exo-enzymes. Extensive research to identify AIP:AgrC inhibitors aims to find therapeutics against pathogens.
AgrD is the precursor peptide of AIP, and AgrB is an integral membrane endopeptidase essential to biosynthesize AIP. This AIP system is conserved among many Gram-positive bacteria. S. aureus strains are categorized into four groups (I–IV) according to their AIP signal and cognate extracellular receptor, AgrC. Each group is associated with a certain disease profile, and S. aureus group-III strains are responsible for toxic shock syndrome. AIP-III the conserved thiolactone macrocycle of the AIP family with an extended N terminal. Alanine scanning has identified a key trifactor of hydrophobic residues in the thiolatone ring that allow recognition by AgRC and the anchor point on the exocyclic tail needed for receptor activation. This knowledge is key for the design of novel AIP:AgrC inhibitors.